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•    Erect or scrambling semi-aquatic perennial shrub
•    Leaves shiny dark green and wavy with rough edges
•    Flowers white and ball-shaped to 15mm in diameter
•    Produces running stems in water or mud

Flowering Times

•    October to May

Control Measure

•    Herbicides – limited options
•    Physical methods can lead to spreading of the weed


•    Aggressive invasive plant – grows up to 15cm per week
•    Grows in water or on marshy land
•    Degrades natural wetlands
•    Easily spreads by seeds and plant fragments

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